Sony Music Entertainment v. Cox Communications, Incorporated

Judge: Rushing
Opinion Date: February 20, 2024

In this case, Sony Music Entertainment and numerous other record companies and music publishers sued Cox Communications, alleging that Cox’s customers used its internet service to infringe their copyrights. The plaintiffs argued that Cox should be held accountable for its customers’ copyright infringement. A jury found Cox liable for both willful contributory and vicarious infringement of over 10,000 copyrighted works owned by the plaintiffs and awarded $1 billion in statutory damages.

The United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit held that Cox was not vicariously liable for its customers’ copyright infringement because Cox did not profit from its subscribers’ acts of infringement, a legal prerequisite for vicarious liability. However, the court affirmed the jury’s finding of willful contributory infringement because Cox knew of the infringing activity and materially contributed to it.

The court vacated the $1 billion damages award and remanded the case for a new trial on damages, holding that the jury’s finding of vicarious liability could have influenced its assessment of statutory damages. The court did not vacate the contributory infringement verdict. View “Sony Music Entertainment v. Cox Communications, Incorporated” on Justia Law

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