Plaintiffs are photographers who sued Defendant Instagram for copyright infringement. Plaintiff alleged that Instagram violates their exclusive display right by permitting third-party sites to embed the photographers’ Instagram content. The district court held that Instagram could not be liable for secondary infringement because embedding a photo does not “display a copy” of the underlying images under Perfect 10.
The Ninth Circuit affirmed the district court’s dismissal of an action brought by two photographers under the Copyright Act alleging that Instagram, LLC, violated their exclusive display right by permitting third-party sites to embed the photographers’ Instagram content. The panel held that, under Perfect 10 v. Amazon, 508 F.3d 1146 (9th Cir. 2007), Instagram could not be liable for secondary infringement because embedding a photo does not “display a copy” of the underlying image. Perfect 10 set forth the “Server Test,” which provides that a copy of a photographic image is not displayed when it is not fixed in a computer’s memory. The panel held that Perfect 10 did not restrict the application of the Server Test to a specific type of website, such as search engine. Arguments that Perfect10 is inconsistent with the Copyright Act are foreclosed by Perfect 10 outside of an en banc proceeding. And Perfect 10 was not effectively overturned by American Broadcasting Co. v. Aereo, 573 U.S. 431 (2014), which held that a streaming provider infringed broadcasters’ exclusive right to public performance. View “ALEXIS HUNLEY, ET AL V. INSTAGRAM, LLC” on Justia Law